Realism, sometimes callednaturalism, in the artsis generally the attempt to represent subject matter truthfully, without artificialityand avoiding artistic conventions, or implausible, exotic, and supernatural elements. Realism has been prevalent in the arts at many periods, and can be in large part a matter of technique and training, and the avoidance of stylization.
In the visual arts, illusionisticrealism is the accurate depiction of lifeforms, perspective, and the details of light and colour. But realist or naturalist works of art may, as well or instead of illusionist realism, be "realist" in their subject-matter, and emphasize the mundane, ugly or sordid. This is typical of the 19th-centuryRealist movementthat began in France in the 1850s, after the 1848 Revolution,and alsosocial realism,regionalism, orkitchen sink realism. The Realist painters rejectedRomanticism, which had come to dominate French literature and art, with roots in the late 18th century.